Production of Activated Carbon from Palm Kernel Shell by Microwave induced Pyrolysis

peter-yekProject Title:  Production of Activated Carbon from Palm Kernel Shell by Microwave induced Pyrolysis

Research ID:  1/2016/03

Principal Researcher:  Peter Yek Nai Yuh

Co-Researcher:  Dr. Mohd Shahril Osman

Project Start Date:  3/1/2016

Duration of Project:  24 months

Research Summary:  Agriculture waste is normally disposed via incineration, landfilling, and as soil conditioner.  However, in recent years, new applications on the conversion of agriculture sludge into activated carbon have been explored.  Activated carbon, a widely used industrial adsorbent, is a carbonaceous material with high surface area and porous structure.  Activated carbon is generally produced from natural starting materials by pyrolysis under inert atmosphere at elevated temperatures.

Response surface methodology (RSM) has been used as a statistical technique for designing experiment, building models, evaluating the effects of several factors and searching optimum conditions for desirable responses and reducing number of experiments.  Characterisitcs of activated carbon will be studied by conducting surface area analysis, investigating its elemental content, morphology, and thermal degradation properties. The adsorption activity of activated carbon has been evaluated by measuring the Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and relative concentration of Methylene blue.